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Guangdong South Central China
Guangdong province is one of the most prosperous and developed
areas of China. The province accounts for 12% of China's national
economic output. This prosperity is not only in modern times. It dates
back centuries to when the Guangdong capital, Guangzhou, was the sole
port for foreign trade in China. This monopoly on trade made the
province rich. It also meant that Guangdong had greater foreign
influences, creating a distinct culture. To the north of Guangdong lie
the provinces of Hunan, Jiangxi and Fujian. To the south of Guangdong is
the South China Sea and the former foreign colonies of Hong Kong and
Macau. They are now Special Administration Regions belonging to China
but outside of Guangdong province control. To the west lies Guangxi
province. The Pearl River runs through the Province and the area around
the lower section of the river, known as the Pearl River Delta is a
highly prosperous zone which including the cities of Guangzhou,
Shenzhe, Zhouhai, Hong Kong and Macau.
The people of Guangdong have a distinct spoken dialect of Chinese
which, within China, is known as Yueyu, and abroad known as Cantonese.
This dialect is related to Mandarin but distinct. The written Chinese
(Hanzi) is, however, the same for both Cantonese and Mandarin dialects.
Guangdong is famous for its special food. It is food from this region
that has influenced most Chinses style restaurants in the west (since
many immigrants to the west came from Guangdong province.) However,
Guangdong is also famous for more extreme types of food including
monkey, snake, jellyfish and other items that outsiders would turn their
noses up at.
Transport within Guangdong is very convenient. A good network of
highways connect all the major cities. Many large international airports
are located in Guangdong, especially in the Pearl River Delta area.
High speed catamarans and hydrofoils also connect the main Cities across
and along the river. Plans are under way to construct a massive bridge
linking across the Delta between Guangdong, Macau and Hong Kong. The
southern cities of Guangdong, namely Zhouhai and Shenzhen, are popular
with day trippers from Hong Kong, who can pick up some bargains across
the border. Equally, Guangdong is popular with Expats who can enjoy the
lower cost lifestyle of Guangdong while still being convenient to Hong
Guangdong is divided into twenty-one prefecture-level divisions: all prefecture-level cities (including two sub-provincial cities)
One of the most prosperous and developed areas of China.
Guangdong's capital, Guangzhou, was once know as Canton and has been
China's main trading centre for hundreds of years. The southern cities
of Shenzhen and Zhouhai border Hong Kong and Macau. The strange
buildings of Kaiping Diaolou are a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Shenzhen is a major city in the south of Southern China’s Guangdong Province, situated immediately north of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. The area became China’s first—and one of the most successful—Special Economic Zones (SEZs). It currently also holds sub-provincial administrative status, with powers slightly less than a province. According to a report published by
Shenzhen Daily in 2012,
Shenzhen has a population of approximately 15 million.
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